www.30abysses.com / TWY / 2017 / 02 / 24 / 學習:外顯記憶(explicit memory)


學習:外顯記憶(explicit memory)

這篇是就外顯記憶(explicit memory) 的閱讀筆記整理。





the conscious, intentional recollection of factual information, previous experiences and concepts.


episodic memory: memory of experiences and specific events that occur during our lives

semantic memory: general world knowledge (facts, ideas, meaning and concepts) that can be articulated and is independent of personal experience

autobiographical memory: a memory system consisting of episodes recollected from an individual's life, based on a combination of episodic and semantic memory

spatial memory: memory responsible for recording information about one's environment and its spatial orientation


Specific episodes are made easier to remember and recall by repeatedly exposing oneself to them (which strengthens the links in the memory space) allowing for faster retrieval when remembering

remembering is an automatic process

Factors that affect declarative memory

Stress may have an effect on the recall of declarative memories.

Consolidation during sleep

It is believed that sleep plays an active role in consolidation of declarative memory

The view that sleep plays an active role in declarative memory consolidation is not shared by all researchers. ... sleep actively protects declarative memory from associative interference

More research is needed to make a definite statement whether sleep creates favourable conditions for consolidation or it actively enhances declarative memory consolidation

Encoding and retrieval

To create explicit memories, you have to do something with your experiences: think about them, talk about them, write them down, study them, etc. The more you do, the better you will remember.

The conditions in which information is memorized can affect recall. If a person has the same surroundings or cues when the original information is presented, they are more likely to remember it

[ Contact us | facebook | hello@30abysses.com | 聯絡我們 ]

學習:外顯記憶(explicit memory) by TW Yang <twy@30abysses.com>
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY-4.0).

Creative Commons License (CC-BY-4.0)